From Oghuz Khan to Ertugrul Ghazi – Express Urdu

The role of heroes has been indispensable in the evolution of human society.

The role of the hero has played an extraordinary role in shaping human society since prehistoric times, when man was living in caves. Then in a human settlement, at night, people sitting around a bright aloe would warm their blood with the story of a hero. Images of a hunting expedition built on rocky cliffs around these caves, man's first home, were in fact a way to pay homage to his warriors.

The word hero has come down to us from ancient Greek civilization. The qualities of militant leadership and role model are combined. In Greek mythology, a hero is a mortal who performs immortal deeds. In other words, man has to perish in any case, but if his deeds get eternal life, then he will be considered a hero. But in the Greek conception of the hero, his deeds do not have to be positive, for those who committed incredible crimes were called heroes. In today's world, however, heroes are considered to be the ones who do positive deeds.

Heroes keep their nation, their societies alive. They are a beacon of determination and struggle. Their role is to expand the concept of a particular age of possibilities. What is considered impossible and no one touches it just because it is impossible, the hero shows by his actions that it is possible to climb this mountain and above all that the hero gives birth to new heroes after him. Are There have been many heroes in human history whose struggle, sacrifice and consequent success have led to the betterment of all humanity. On the other hand, there are heroes who guided their nation for its salvation and rights.

Chinese Chairman Mao, Lenin of Russia, Nelson Mandela of South Africa and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the subcontinent; such heroes Are examples. While these personalities enjoy extraordinary respect and love from their nation, their opponents are right to consider them the cause of their defeat, and the defeat, even at the hands of a great man, would be disgusting. Is. That is why the opponents are still fighting against the changes brought about by these heroes. Thus, the hatred of those who have been defeated at the ideological level for these heroes is also permanent.

For example under the guidance of Quaid-e-Azam. Opponents of the Tehreek-e-Pakistan who were religiously Muslim but ideologically Congress followers, whether in Pakistan or in India, are still active against Quaid-e-Azam. Like other nations, they are heroes of the Pakistani nation. As mentioned by Quaid-e-Azam, there is an influential class in Pakistan which is not ready to accept any 'heroism' based on religion. For example, the Congress and Mahasabhai leadership of United India, including the British intellectuals and the government machinery, all agreed on the point that only one of the Mughal emperors, Akbar, was a man of action.

Akbar's reputation as a real hero The reason for giving is that he made serious efforts to integrate religions in order to establish the idea of ​​a Hindu nation on the basis of country and region. But there was a Quaid-e-Azam who thwarted every attempt to portray Emperor Akbar as a hero. Even when the Viceroy of India in his address to the public representatives of India urged Akbar Azam to be a role model for future politics, and even when the last Viceroy of India in Karachi, Lord Mountbatten, addressed the Legislative Assembly in Karachi. Quaid-e-Azam immediately responded to this misleading attack by presenting Emperor Akbar as a role model. Although the Karachi ceremony was the first major official ceremony after the formation of Pakistan and Lord Mountbatten was the guest, in his reply, Quaid-e-Azam said, “We have to learn the lesson of religious tolerance not from Akbar but from the Prophet Muhammad.”

Recently, when a drama serial on the great Mujahid Ertugrul Ghazi was shown on PTV with Urdu dubbing on Turkish television, the same section of Pakistan immediately saw the future of Pakistan in jeopardy. They don't care if Pakistani kids dress up as Western fictional characters like Spiderman, Batman, Iron Man and Superman and think of them as their heroes, but as soon as the “fear” arises. Whether the Pakistani nation considers Ertugrul Ghazi as its hero and does not think of freedom from Western cultural and political domination, this minority but highly influential section of our elite has started making noise from all sides.

Because it is ideological and will continue to run, here we are trying to correct through this article the misinformation that has been spread, knowingly or unknowingly, about this extraordinary role in Islamic history.

Another fact about the serial is that it broke all previous records of popularity as soon as it was aired in Pakistan. According to PTV statistics, from April 25 to May 14, 2020, 133.38 million people watched the drama, which also creates the impression that people want to watch dramas based on romantic and naughty characters. According to PTV, 2.1 million people subscribed to the channel for the drama in the first 20 days alone.

Next we have Rehmatullah Turkman “who has his own ethnic and kinship relationship with Qai Khan, Magh Khan”. In his book, Rehmatullah Turkman corrects the misinformation spread by Western writers about Ertugrul.

The glorious Prophet Noah (peace be upon him) had three sons: Ham, Sam and Japheth. He sent his three sons to settle in three different places on earth. The Arab and Iranian nations are descendants of the 'Sam', the 'Ham'

was the ancestor of the black nations, while Japheth traveled east by the order of his father Grami and settled in a place, he was 250 years old, He had eight sons: Turk, Khazar, China, Suqlab, Russia, Ming, Kumari and Tarikh. When Japheth died, his son became a Turk. The Turks and Mughal nations of the world were descended from him.

This grandson of Prophet Noah (pbuh) 'Turk' traveled to most of the countries of the world and decided to stay in a place called Issyk Kul. What This place is in present day Kyrgyzstan. The Turks had four sons: Totak, Chigel, Barsjar, and Amlak. At the time of his death, his father appointed Totak as his successor. Tutak was the first person in the world to use salt in food. It so happened that one day Tutak went out hunting and was hunting a deer and frying its meat. Meanwhile, a piece of meat fell to the ground. He picked it up and put it in his mouth, then it tasted very good and delicious. It turned out that the land was salty, since then salt has become an important part of the diet.

After Tutak, 'Eljah Khan' and then 'Deep Baqavi' became the chief. After that, Gok Khan took over the leadership of the Turks and at the time of his death, Al Najja Khan succeeded him. During this time the population of the Turks increased considerably and they began to live on a vast territory. Al-Najja Khan had two sons: a Tatar and a Mughal. Before his death, Al-Najja Khan divided the kingdom equally between the two sons. It is to be remembered here that after Prophet Noah (sws) from Japheth to Al-Najja Khan, all were Muslims. However, after that they became so engrossed in the abundance of wealth that they forgot God and entered disbelief.

The Mughal Khan had four sons: Qara Khan, Gur Khan, Qir Khan and Or Khan. Qarakhan was the eldest of the brothers, so according to the rules of the tribe, he became the ruler after the death of his father. Qara Khan's son was: Oghuz Khan. This is the same Oghuz Khan who is repeatedly mentioned in the drama 'Ertugrul', whose seal was touched, he was the most powerful. It is said that when Oghuz Khan was born, he did not drink his mother's milk for three days and nights. Every night he would come to his mother in a dream and say, “O mother! Believe in God alone, otherwise I will die, but I will not suck your milk. In the end, the woman did not see the pain of the child and she secretly believed. Some historians say that this Oghuz Khan was actually 'Zulqarnain' mentioned in the Holy Quran.

When Oghuz Khan was young, Qara Khan got him married to the daughter of his brother Gurkhan. On the first night, Oghuz said to his wife: “Your Lord and my Lord, there is only one God who created the universe. Believe in His Oneness and follow His commands.”

Refusing to accept the offer, Oghuz parted ways with him. Qara Khan later found out that Oghuz's relationship with his wife was not good, so he married the daughter of another brother, Qir Khan, but his wife was not ready to believe in Allah. Oghuz completely disassociated himself from it. One day Oghuz saw the daughter of his uncle Orkhan, she liked him, went to him and informed him of his faith and invited him to the religion of truth, the girl believed. Oghuz Khan married her.

One day when Oghuz Khan went hunting, his first two wives went to his father-in-law, Qara Khan, to discuss Oghuz's separate religion and separation from him. Informed about On hearing this, Qara Khan became furious and gathered his soldiers and intended to kill Oghuz. Oghuz's Muslim wife sent a man to inform her husband. Oghuz also gathered his supporters and close soldiers. In the battle between father and son in the forest, the son won while the father was killed by an arrow. Now Oghuz had become the ruler, as a result the majority of the nation believed in Allah.

Oghuz Khan had six sons: Gon Khan, Ai Khan, Yildiz Khan, Gok Khan, Tagh Khan and Tangiz Khan. Oguz invaded different areas. There is a tradition that he conquered Kashmir by invading India and also hoisted his flag over China, Iran, Egypt and Syria. The Khiljis, Qarluks and Uyghurs (people living in East Turkestan, which China calls Xinjiang) are also descendants of Oghuz Khan. Today's countries Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, the Indian subcontinent, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan and the Turkish tribes of Syria are descendants of Oghuz Khan.

Oghuz Khan divided his sons into two groups. Firstly Gon Khan, I Khan, Yildiz Khan. Secondly, Gok Khan, Tagh Khan and Tangiz Khan. On the death of Oghuz, the eldest son, Gon Khan, became the head of the nation. Oghuz Khan had twenty-four grandsons, each of whom founded a separate tribe. One of them was 'Qai', the other was 'Chauldur' and the third was 'Dodurgha'. Readers of Ertugrul Ghazi drama are well aware of these three names. After Gon Khan, his son Qai Khan took over the reins of government. Later the rule among the Turks remained in the descendants of Qai Khan. This series reached to 'Ertugrul Ghazi'.

This story from Noah (peace be upon him) to Ertugrul Ghazi is included in the book titled 'Ertugrul Ghazi', the author of which is 'Rahmatullah Turkman', who is Qai Khan His uncle is one of the descendants of Tagh Khan. His ancestors lived in Turkmenistan. When the communist revolution came in 1920, Rehmatullah Turkmen's great-grandfather moved to Afghanistan. When the Soviet Union occupied Afghanistan in 1979, the author's father, Abdullah Turkman, settled with his family in Haripur District, Pakistan. Rahmatullah Turkmen was born here. He completed his primary and secondary education in Pakistan and moved to Kabul (Afghanistan) for higher studies. Today, the only Turkmen member of the Afghan parliament, Mohammad Shakir Karimi, is the secretary, while research and writing is his love. In his book, Ertugrul Ghazi, he reveals many things about Ertugrul's life that very few people know. Are in the knowledge of The book is published by Jhelum's Maktab Book Corner.

Ertugrul Ghazi and Amir Sabgatgin (Mahmoud Ghaznavi's father) belonged to the same lineage and Qai family. Both Ertugrul Ghazi and Amir Sabgatgin were the founders of two great empires of their time. Just as Ertugrul Ghazi, as the Och Begi of the Seljuks, gradually expanded the Islamic frontiers by defeating the Byzantine Christians in the West and left a great successor like Usman Ghazi. Similarly, the Sabgatgin of the Qai tribe also defeated the Hindu king Jayapal and raised the voice of Islam in the regions of India.

Hazrat Musa (as) and the founder of the Qai tribe 'Qai Khan' have the same oath. Many of his descendants believed in Hazrat Dawood (as) and then Hazrat Sulaiman (as). Then a Sardar 'Yasu' also came in this connection. One night he dreamed that the moon and the sun were shining brightly from the Arabian kingdom and their light was reaching him. Shortly after this dream, the news of the Prophet's proclamation of Prophethood spread in Makkah. As soon as Yasu heard this, he declared himself a Muslim and slaughtered cattle and distributed the meat among his subjects. When his son Qara Khan became the ruler, he sent one of his ministers, Quraqut, to Madinah, who visited him, after which Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi visited the tribe to teach the teachings of Islam.

The Turkish tribes believed in one God even centuries before the Holy Prophet, calling their god 'Tangri'. According to their belief, the creator of the entire universe is a tangri, who created the earth, the sky, the sun and the moon. He gives life and death. He also has the power to increase the age by accepting prayers. Unlike other nations, the Turks have never been idolaters. They did not have the idea of ​​a place of worship or a temple, the Turks believed that their God hears and sees directly.

Ibn Qadeem did not have a custom of covering the face of the women of the ancient Turkic tribes, but they still committed adultery and The rate of immorality was zero and it was considered a crime. If a person committed this act, he would be sentenced to death and his body would be dismembered.

The ancient beliefs of the Turks and Islam had many things in common, which gave the Turks more time to convert to Islam. Don't think Islam and Tengrism had many aspects in common, such as belief in one God, He is everywhere, He never falls, He is the Creator of the whole universe, the concept of holy war (jihad) for God, Equality, faith in good deeds and almsgiving, obedience to the Almighty, the concept of heaven and hell, the prohibition of adultery.

Dr. Muhammad Uzair, the author of the book “Ottoman Wealth” written in the last century Demonstrating negligence, Western Orientalists have quoted Herbert Guinness and Professor Germans as saying that the Qai tribe was an idolater when they arrived in Anatolia. He also called Ertuرrul a non-Muslim, which is based on outright lies and slander.

In fact, due to his unfamiliarity with the Turkish language, he could not read the book “Nashri” directly and accepted the words of the Westerners as true. Also supported. Then came another book called “History of the Ottoman Empire”. It was written in French by Dalajoun Keir, translated from French to English and from English to Urdu by Muhammad Marmadiok Pakthal and Maulvi Syed Hashmi Faridabadi respectively. Ertugrul is mentioned in it as arsonist, idolater and savage.

Some Pakistani publishers are publishing this book without considering it as ancient and free material. The fact is that Ertugrul Ghazi became a scapegoat for the barbarism of the infidels. However, some of our Muslim writers did not work hard and do research on it. He did not obtain information from the most basic sources, nor did he make any attempt to verify the information, so he continued to convey the words of those who hated Ertugrul Ghazi. It is a pity for such writers, however, “Rehmatullah Turkman” has unveiled those who live by hard work and research by presenting facts in his book. Those of us who work on research and writing should also get in the habit of getting information from very basic sources, while doing this we should use some understanding!

Promotion of Islamic values ​​
Minister Talking about Pak-Turkish relations, Azam Imran Khan had asked the people of Pakistan to watch Ertugrul Ghazi drama on PTV to learn Islamic culture and values. He mentioned the devastating effects of Hollywood and Bollywood movies on the occasion and said that these movies are a means of spreading nonsense and obscenity and it is this obscenity that is causing all kinds of sexual crimes in our society. Is. When obscenity and misconduct are common in a society, family values ​​are destroyed. This statement of the Prime Minister is one hundred percent correct. It has been observed that this drama has played an extraordinary role in dispelling the perception of “Islamophobia” (fear of Islam) which has spread all over the world. This play has made us believe that Islam is a peace loving religion and Muslims are brave, kind and principled in their character.

Another very beautiful and useful thing about this play is that it Inexplicably, the attitudes that Islam teaches us, that is, how mothers should be treated, were promoted imperceptibly. How the wife should be treated. How to take care of your soldiers and military commanders and how to deal with the enemy.

All these things are conveyed to the viewers not in the form of sermons and advice but through the daily attitudes of the characters and this is the way. Proves to be effective.

The play's producer and screenplay writer Mehmet Bazog says that Muslim countries need to cooperate not only in trade and political arenas but also in arts and culture. Is. “I am surprised that we call each other brotherly countries, but to date we have not made joint ventures in arts and culture. But we must continue to work together in this spirit, even in the good old days, and this cooperation should not be limited to cinema, but should extend to cuisines, museums and the fields of history. [19659003HesaidthatalthoughthebordersofPakistanandTurkeydonotmeetthetwonationsarespirituallyonenationHesaidthatmanypeoplehaveconvertedtoIslamasaresultoftheserialbeingshownabroad

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