California: Novel Corona Virus (SARS-CoV-2) is currently the newest pathogen to be transmitted from animals to humans, but thousands of such viruses are hidden in animals, which could lead to a new global epidemic at any time.
U.S. researchers have developed a new online tool that classifies viruses that can be transmitted from animals to humans in a single leap, such as the corona.
This online tool has been introduced as spill over . Zoe Grange, head of the team that developed the tool and a researcher at the University of California's Institute of One Health, says that “ spillover was initially a 'watch' for such a virus in animals. A list has been prepared which poses a serious threat to human health. The tool is available online for free.
He says that the tool can be used by scientists, policy makers and health professionals to research such viruses on a priority basis for further research. With these tools, premature vaccines can be developed by monitoring potentially viruses that pose a risk of an epidemic.
Zoe Grange says that we need to not only identify such viruses but also other ones. These (viruses) need to be monitored on a priority basis before a catastrophic epidemic occurs.
This week in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on the spill over tool According to the published study, about 250 viruses have been identified as 'zoonotic'. The term zoonotic (animal diseases) is used for viruses that have already been transmitted from animals to humans.
While a conservative estimate is that there are more than half a million viruses transmitted to humans. Chances are. Researchers say that not every virus can be transmitted from animals to humans. Therefore, this tool focuses on 32 risk factors associated with viruses and their hosts.
Spill-over The tool includes 887 viruses for wildlife spill-over hazards. Has been ranked. Lassa is the number one virus transmitted from animals to humans, followed by SARS-CoV-2 (code 19) and Ebola virus.